Almost 50 archaeological sites have been discovered in Prayagraj by a team from the Department of Ancient History, Culture and Archeology at Ishwar Saran PG College.
The team carried out an archaeological survey from village to village on foot near the confluence of the Ganga and Yamuna rivers from Prayagraj, from Jhunsi to Shringverpur and from Daraganj to Kali Paltan in Kaushambhi district on both sides of the Ganga river.
The survey extended 70 km on the ground and 3 to 5 km (in width) on both sides of the river.
It was conducted under the guidance of the College Director and Head of Department and Project Director, Professor Anand Shankar Singh and Deputy Project Director and Assistant Professor Jamil Ahmad, along with his team.
This was perhaps the first time that an archaeological study had been undertaken in this area on such a large scale.
Professor Singh said, “The survey was carried out in more than 80 villages on both banks of the Ganga river which fall under the tehsils of Phoolpur, Sadar and Soraon of Prayagraj district and Chail tehsil of Kaushambhi district.
Almost 50 sites of archaeological significance have been marked and documented, hence a large number of archaeological remains from the Chalcolithic period (around 3000 to 2000 BC when copper was the dominant metal) to the Mughal period and later, have been found. “
These remains consist of various types of pottery, terracotta and semi-precious stones, microliths (stone tools from 1 cm to 8 cm long), beads and stone and iron tools and the materials bone and ivory are important.
A detailed report of the survey was recently sent to Indian Archaeological Survey, New Delhi for publication in their annual review, “Indian Archeology – a Review”.
The college is working on sending a proposal for further excavation of selected archaeological sites near Kaurihar to Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), New Delhi.
These antiquities obtained from the Gangetic zone have been kept for study by researchers at the College’s newly constructed archaeological center.
The vast majority of cultural material extracted from this region clearly indicates the continuous and rich habitats of this region from the distant past.
The availability of antique and artistic antiques is sourced from almost every antique site and provides valuable and useful information on artistic tastes and daily use of the life and cultural heritage of the people here.
It should be noted that ASI, New Delhi, has authorized Ishwar Saran PG College for archaeological study in this area.