November 26 is celebrated as Constitution Day or Samvidhan Diwas. On that day, in 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India formally adopted the Constitution of India, which entered into force on January 26, 1950.
The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment had notified on November 19, 2015, the decision of the Indian government to celebrate November 26 of each year as “Constitution Day” to promote constitutional values among the citizens. It is also a mark of tribute to Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar, the Prime Minister of Justice of India, who played an important role in the development of the Indian Constitution.
Here are some facts about the Constitution of India that you should know:
1. The Constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949 and entered into force on January 26, 1950.
2. The Constitution of India was drafted between December 1946 and December 1949 – the most difficult period. It was the time when religious riots, caste wars and entrenched gender inequalities threatened the social fabric of the country.
3. It was drafted by the Constituent Assembly, which was elected by the elected members of the Provincial Assemblies. It took two years, eleven months and seventeen days for the 389 members of the Constituent Assembly to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India. During this period, he held eleven sessions covering a total of 165 days. Of these, 114 days were devoted to the examination of the draft Constitution. On August 29, 1947, the Constituent Assembly set up a drafting committee under the chairmanship of Dr BR Ambedkar to prepare a draft constitution for India.
4. Dr BR Ambedkar is regarded as the main architect of the Indian Constitution. He is also known as the Father of the Constitution of India.
5. The Constitution of India establishes the framework defining the fundamental political principles, establishes the structure, procedures, powers and duties of government institutions and sets out the fundamental rights, guiding principles and duties of citizens.
6. It is also known as the “loan bag” because it has borrowed several ideas from other countries.
7. It has not been printed or typed. It was handwritten and calligraphed in Hindi and English.
8. It is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world.
9. Since the Indian Constitution came into force, women in India have the right to vote.
10. The words “socialist” and “secular” were incorporated into the preamble to the Indian Constitution during the state of emergency in 1976.