After a difficult season last year, mango growers in India are planning an increase in exports this year. Malaysia and Argentina have become the new markets for Indian mango this season, with exports to the Middle East set to begin next month, senior officials from the Maharashtra State Agriculture Marketing Board (MSAMB) said.
Australia, United States, Europe, United Kingdom, New Zealand, Japan and South Korea are other potential markets for Indian mango. India normally exports around 50,000 tonnes of Alphonso and Kesar mangoes each year. Maharashtra is the country’s largest mango exporter and accounts for nearly 80% of the country’s total exports.
At least 13,603 mango orchards have registered on MangoNet – an online traceability system for the current season. This includes 5,000 Kesar growers and 9,000 mango growers. MangoNet was created by APEDA to register mango producers and exporters and allow importers and supermarkets in the EU to verify full details of their shipments – modeled on the “GrapeNet” established for grapes. Last year, only 8,700 orchards were registered on MangoNet.
Officials at MSAMB, Maharashtra’s state marketing board, said they were working at a breakneck pace to prepare all facilities for export. MSAMB has prepared its steam heat treatment plant in Vashi, Navi Mumbai, irradiation facility in Baramati and export facilitation center in Ratnagiri, pre-cooling storage facilities, ripening chambers and a pack for export.
Sunil Pawar, MD, MSAMB, said about 600 tonnes were shipped to the United States and Australia after irradiation during the 2018-19 season. “The United States is sending an inspector to India to oversee the irradiation process. But last year, no exports took place to the United States because the inspector did not visit India due to the Covid epidemic. Discussions are still ongoing with US officials, ”said Bhaskar Patil, director in charge of mango exports, MSAMB.
Japan has been importing mangoes from India since 2006 and sending inspectors to oversee the heat-steaming process. However, last year due to the Covid-19 outbreak, inspectors could not be sent to Mumbai. Instead, the Japanese government allowed the Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine and Storage to oversee the necessary procedures, he said, adding that it could be the same this season as well. High freight costs could be another drag that could affect exports, he said. Air transport of mangoes costs Rs 300 per kg, he added.
Of the country’s total mango exports, Kesar accounts for 50-55%, Bangnapalli accounts for around 30%, Hapus or Alphonso 13-15% and the remaining 40 varieties represent 9-10% of the outgoing total. shipping.
The mango season is expected to start a month late with poor arrivals in March due to the delay in winter. The government has granted a Geographical Indication (GI) label to the Alphonso mango from Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg and other adjacent areas, a measure that will help identify the authenticity of this fruit variety. This should contribute to an increase in exports.