Mangal Pandey, a soldier with the British East India Company, was hanged on April 8 for rebelling against colonial rulers. On his death anniversary today, Mangal Pandey is remembered for his great courage and great sacrifice. Mangal Pandey had led the revolt of 1857, also known as the first Indian War of Independence. The Sepoy mutiny was a turning point and a turning point in the history of India. Here are 10 key things to know about Mangal Pandey and the revolt of 1857.
The Ministry of Culture tweeted a beautiful video about the life of Mangal Pandey: Watch here
Pay homage to the great Indian freedom fighter #MangalPandey, who rose up against his British officers, disobeyed them and fought for justice. His stories continue to inspire us to stand up against unjust actions. @prahladspatel@secycultureGOI@PMOIndia@PIBCulture@pspofficepic.twitter.com/vSsndPcfu4
– Ministry of Culture (@MinOfCultureGoI) April 8, 2021
Mangal Pandey’s death anniversary: 10 things to know
- Born July 19, 1827 in Akbarpur, India, died April 8, 1857 in Barrackpore), Mangal Pandey was an Indian soldier who attacked British officers on March 29, 1857
- It was the first major uprising, known as the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, often referred to as the First War of Independence.
- Mangal Pandey revolted after the East India Company introduced a new weapon – the Enfield rifled musket – for his troops
- The cartridges, greased with animal grease, were introduced when Mangal Pandey was posted to Barrackpore Garrison in the mid-1850s.
- The new cartridges were a source of great dissatisfaction as the soldiers had to bite them before using them.
- This went against the religious beliefs of the Indian soldiers and it irritated them.
- This led to a mass revolt against the British colonial rulers
- The rebellion reached every corner of the country and the common people opposed the harsh anti-Indian laws imposed by the British.
- The huge revolt forced the British to reorganize the army and introduce new rules by passing the Government of India Act 1858.
- After that, India was administered directly by the British government until India gained full independence in 1947.