Oxford Covid-19 vaccine questions and answers: How does it work and how is it different from Pfizer vaccine?

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Where is it made?

While some doses will come from Europe initially, the majority will come from the UK supply chain.

Do you need two doses of the Oxford vaccine?

The MHRA has recommended that people over 18 receive two doses, given four to 12 weeks apart.

Will vaccines be distributed 24 hours a day?

Perhaps. Government ministers are currently facing pressure to expand the immunization program to offer “24 hour” injections, meaning that doses can be administered 24 hours a day.

Sources in Whitehall said plans are in place to pilot a 24-hour vaccination center to test demand. It comes as manufacturing companies told ministers they would be able to produce enough vaccines if a 24-hour rollout was put in place across the country.

Delivering vaccines overnight will speed up the rollout and allow the government to meet its goal of vaccinating 32 million people – 60% of Britain’s adult population by spring – announced on January 11.

On the same day as the announcement, ministers were asked why the shots were only given during the day, as other countries, such as Israel, which has already vaccinated a fifth of its population, continue to offer drugs. punctures 24 hours a day.

Can this vaccine help the elderly?

There are fears that a Covid-19 vaccine may not work as well on the elderly, as does the annual flu shot.

However, data from the Oxford / AstraZeneca trial suggests that there were “similar” immune responses in younger and older adults.

The results show that the vaccine is better tolerated in older people than in young adults and produces a similar immune response in older and younger adults.

Brian Pinker was the first person to receive the vaccine. The 82-year-old Oxford dialysis patient said he was ‘so happy to receive the Covid vaccine today and really proud that it is the one that was invented in Oxford’.

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Can pregnant women get vaccinated?

Pregnant women and nursing mothers have now been given the green light to take the Oxford and Pfizer coronavirus vaccines after an appropriate risk assessment on a case-by-case basis with their healthcare professional.

This is a reversal of previous opinions which had been put in place as a precautionary measure.

Traditionally, pregnant women have not been included in clinical trials, but following a review, the MHRA recommends that pregnant women be given the option of receiving the vaccine as there is no evidence that they would be risk.

Dr June Raine, Executive Director of the MHRA, said: “Our advice to date has been that, given that in an initial lack of evidence on a precautionary basis, the use of a vaccine was not recommended during pregnancy and lactating women should not be administered.

“But now that we have reviewed other data that has become available, the Commission for Medicinal Products for Human Use has indicated that the vaccine may be considered for use during pregnancy when the potential benefits outweigh the risks after discussion. individual with each woman. “

Can people with allergies be vaccinated?

The Pfizer vaccine rollout has been halted for people known to suffer from severe allergic reactions following a handful of adverse events during the initial vaccine distribution.

There were concerns that this would also apply to the Oxford jab.

However, following a review, the UK regulatory body recommended that Pfizer and Oxford vaccines be safe to give to people with food or medical allergies.

Only those with a known history of vaccine reactions in the past should proceed with caution.

Sir Munir Pirmohamed, clinical pharmacologist and geneticist, and chair of the Commission Expert Working Group on Human Medicine, said. “We came to the recommendation that people with a known history of reaction to specific ingredients in the vaccine should not have them. But people who are allergic to other drugs or foods can receive the vaccine.”

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Dr June Raine added that “at least 800,000 people in the UK, probably 1.5 million in the US” have already received the Pfizer vaccine.

There was “no further concern and this gives us further assurance that the risk of anaphylaxis can be managed with standard clinical guidelines and a post-vaccination observation period of at least 15 minutes.”

When will the Oxford vaccine roll out?

The Oxford vaccine began rolling out across the country on January 4.

The government is aiming for two million people to receive their first dose of Oxford vaccine or Pfizer vaccine within two weeks as part of a major scaling-up of the inoculation program.

The Oxford jab will be administered in six hospitals for the first few days for surveillance purposes before the bulk of the supplies are sent to hundreds of GP-led wards for deployment.

Hundreds of new vaccination sites are expected to be operational during the first week of January, as the NHS steps up its coronavirus vaccination program with the newly approved vaccine.

Up to one million doses of the vaccine will be available for rollout across the UK from January 4, with vulnerable groups already identified as the priority for vaccination.

An army of more than 10,000 doctors and volunteers have been recruited by the NHS to help administer the Oxford Covid-19 vaccine.

Mr Johnson has pledged the NHS to commit to providing vaccination to all four priority groups by February 15.

To help achieve that goal, 595 sites run by general practitioners are providing vaccines and another 180 will go into operation later this week, he said. There are also 107 hospital sites and 100 more later this week.

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In addition, on January 7, the Defense Ministry revealed that it had prepared a “reserve” task force of 1,500 members of the armed forces who are ready to work in the trapping centers, if the vaccinators fall ill. , and that additional staff are required.

The plan comes after the NHS made a formal request to the Civil Authority (Maca) convention via military aid, for 133 military personnel to participate in the vaccination program. The workers began their training on January 4 and will start administering vaccines from January 11.

Seven vaccination centers will also open in places such as sports stadiums and exhibition centers, including Derby Arena, which opened as a vaccination center on January 7.

On January 8, NHS England said letters urging people over 80 to visit mass vaccination centers began to land on doormats.

The first 130,000 invitations asking seniors to sign up for a jab at the centers, which open this week, were due to arrive this weekend, with more than 500,000 to follow over the next seven days.

The letters were sent to people aged 80 or older who live within a 30-45 minute drive of one of the new regional centers, with information on how they can book a slot over the phone or through a service. national online reservation.

The Telegraph also understands that the Prime Minister wants to have 50 mass vaccination centers established across England by mid-February to help drive the mass vaccination program.

The ministers hope the rapid expansion of these regional centers will produce two million hits per week by early next month.

Learn more: The priority list for the Oxford and Pfizer vaccines – and how they will be deployed

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