SINGAPORE: An independent scientific report that found Singapore’s climate goals and policies to be “critically insufficient” may not have fully taken into account the unique challenges the country faces, the National Change Secretariat said Climate Change (NCCS) Friday, September 24.
The report, known as the Climate Action Tracker (CAT), was released on September 15.
He said “Singapore’s climate policies and commitments reflect minimal or no action and are not at all consistent with the Paris Agreement.” He explained that the “broadly agreed” agreement aims to “keep warming well below 2 ° C, and continue efforts to limit warming to 1.5 ° C”.
SINGAPORE’S GREEN PLAN ON TRACK
The NCCS addressed the unique challenges facing Singapore in a statement to TBEN.
“We are reviewing their methodology. Our preliminary feeling is that the CAT may not have fully considered our unique challenges as a small city-state with limited access to alternative energy sources,” said the NCCS. .
Singapore’s population density is more than 10 times that of the next densest country on the CAT list, South Korea. Given our land shortage, Singapore is unable to pursue the same types of solutions than other countries in the CAT list, for example hydropower or nuclear power.
“Within our constraints, we manage our carbon emissions carefully and strive to overcome our natural limitations through careful long-term planning and policy and technology innovations. We also need to make real and thoughtful compromises. “
In line with Singapore’s 2030 Green Plan, the NCCS added that although Singapore does not have access to large-scale renewable energy sources, the country is committed to using the “cleanest form of fossil fuels.” while exploring “greener options”.
“At 1.2 percent of the energy mix for power generation, Singapore’s share of coal remains significantly lower than that of other countries on the CAT list, such as Japan (29.8 percent) and ‘Germany (29.2 percent), “the NCCS said, citing figures from Bloomberg.
As part of the Singapore 2030 Green Plan initiatives, the NCCS “is also exploring ways to diversify our energy mix by exploiting greener options such as solar power, clean energy imports and low emission alternatives. carbon ”.
In July of this year, Singapore completed construction of a floating solar photovoltaic (PV) system on the Tengeh reservoir, making it one of the largest floating solar PV systems in the world, the NCCS added.
The NCCS “is also examining the trajectory and level of the carbon tax, after 2023, in consultation with industry and expert groups.”
“The carbon tax is a key lever at the scale of the economy to stimulate the reduction of our carbon footprint and promote industrial innovation and green growth,” he said.
The NCCS noted that Singapore’s Green Plan is “not static”.
“While we implement existing initiatives, we also seek to improve our sustainability goals and actions. Singapore is committed to doing its part to contribute to the global fight against climate change through concrete actions.” , he added.
WHAT THE CLIMATE ACTION TRACKER SAYS
The report developed the rating “critically insufficient”, stating that “Singapore’s target for NDC (Nationally Determined Contribution) is low and will be met under current policies.”
A more ambitious target was not proposed in the country’s March 2020 NDC update, according to the report.
As a result, the CAT assessed the Singapore target as “critically insufficient”, in relation to both “modeled national pathways and what would be a fair contribution for Singapore”.
If fully implemented, he added, “Singapore’s current policies would result in emission reductions beyond its targets, but still only in line with a 3 ° C warming.”
To improve its CAT scores, the report said Singapore should set itself a “more ambitious target” for emission reductions and “establish related policies.”
The CAT is a collaboration between two research institutes based in Germany: Climate Analytics and NewClimate Institute.