India’s Foreign Secretary Harsh Vardhan Shringla, speaking at the 3rd Conference of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) -India stressed how “respect for international law is at the heart of our diplomacy”.
He said: “As a strong supporter of a peaceful and rules-based international legal order, it is no surprise that India supports the PCA and its mandate to resolve international disputes. Respect for international law is at the heart of our diplomacy and indeed of our vision of the world. “
The comments come even as India’s neighbor China has stood out by ignoring international law, including rejecting the CPA award. China had rejected the sentence of a tribunal set up under the PCA in the Philippines vs China case in 2016.
The court rejected China’s claim for the South China Sea on the basis of the so-called “nine-dash line”. The arbitral tribunal was constituted under Annex VII of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) at the PCA.
India, on the other hand, used the services of the Hague tribunal and resolved international disputes with other countries. Well-known examples include the Kishenganga arbitration with Pakistan under the Indus Water Treaty, the delimitation of the maritime border with Bangladesh, and the Italian Marines case.
FS praised its role, saying: “Institutions such as the Permanent Court of Arbitration have helped us … and have played a central role in ensuring the maintenance of peace among nations, through a civilized and reasoned settlement of the disputes. “
Adding: “Since its inception, the PCA has dealt with many politically important and interesting cases. It has become a leading institution and a first choice for the settlement of international disputes involving states, state entities, intergovernmental organizations as well as private entities. “
The Permanent Court of Arbitration was established in 1899 and India became a member in 1950. In 1998, India and the PCA entered into an agreement with the host country, under which proceedings administered by the PCA can be conducted in India. New Delhi, under its new Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT), has the Secretary General of the PCA as the appointing authority, for arbitrations under the treaty.
Chief Justice of India Judge SA Bobde Judge Indu Malhotra Secretary General of Permanent Court of Arbitration Hugo Siblesz Chairman of PCA-India Conference Committee Fali Nariman Envoy of the India in the Netherlands Venu Rajamony, were present at the meeting FS addressed. and Judge Dalveer Bhandari of the International Court of Justice. Judge Bhandari is the only Indian member of the International Court of Justice.