September 17 is ‘Liberation’ or ‘Integration’ Day?: The BJP and TRS brawl over Hyderabad explained


On September 17, 1948, the then princely state of Hyderabad merged with the Indian Union. While the BJP-led central government plans to celebrate September 17 as ‘Hyderabad Liberation Day’, the KCR-led TRS government in the state will celebrate the day as ‘Telangana National Integration Day’

The state’s ruling Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) are poised for a showdown on September 17.

It was on this day in 1948 that the former princely state of Hyderabad was merged with the Indian Union.

While the BJP-led central government has decided to celebrate September 17 as ‘Hyderabad Liberation Day’, the K Chandrasekhar Rao-led TRS government in the state will celebrate the day as ‘Telangana National Integration Day’.

The Center and Government of Telangana have also announced year-long celebrations to mark the 75th anniversary of the annexation of Hyderabad state next year.

How do BJP and TRS celebrate September 17? What is the history of September 17, 1948 regarding Hyderabad?

BJP’s ‘Hyderabad Liberation Day’

On September 17, the Union Home Secretary, Amit Shah, will begin the celebrations by hoisting the national flag at the Parade Grounds in Hyderabad.

Amit Shah will raise the national flag at the Parade Grounds in Hyderabad. PTI/File Photo

“In 1948, Sardar Patel unfurled the Tricolor after Hyderabad merged with the Indian Union. Now, 75 years later, Home Secretary AmitShah ji will raise the national flag and begin Hyderabad’s liberation celebrations while we shed the remnants of our colonial past and our baggage,” the Union’s Minister of Tourism and Culture, G. Kishan Reddy.

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Maharashtra Prime Minister Eknath Shinde and Karnataka Prime Minister Basavaraj Bommai have also been invited to the event organized by the Center on Saturday.

Haragopal, a former professor at the University of Hyderabad, said the motive behind the BJP’s ‘Liberation Day’ is to send a message to its Hindu supporters about how the region was liberated from the Nizam rule, the report said. . The print.

“Given their ideology and the main vote bank, the BJP wants to remind people that the ruler was a Muslim, how Hyderabad was liberated from the rule of a Nizam and about the atrocities committed by Razakars,” he said. The print.

KCR, Owaisi’s Integration Pitch

The TRS government has announced that it will commemorate September 17 as Integration Day, hours after All India Majlis-E-Ittehadul Muslimeen (AIMIM) head Asaduddin Owaisi’s letter to Amit Shah and KCR on September 3.

The KCR government’s three-day celebrations began on September 16 with mass demonstrations across the country.

The next day, KCR will raise the national flag in the Public Gardens in Hyderabad.

The TRS will hold cultural programs in all district headquarters on September 18, such as per India today.

Meanwhile, Hyderabad MP Owaisi led AIMIM’s Tiranga motorcycle rally today to celebrate ‘National Integration Day’.

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“Today Hyderabad celebrates National Integration Day on the anniversary of the merger of the erstwhile state of Hyderabad with the Union of India. We offered our Friday namaz and started a tiranga bike rally. There will also be a public meeting,” the AIMIM chief wrote on Twitter.

In his letter to KCR and Shah, Owaisi had stated: “The struggle of the people of the former Hyderabad state against colonialism, feudalism and autocracy is a symbol of national integration rather than just a case of ‘liberation’ of a piece of land,” The print reported.


The BJP has been demanding for years that September 17 be officially celebrated in Maharashtra and Karnataka as Marathwada Liberation Day and Hyderabad-Karnataka Liberation Day respectively.

Some regions of the two states have been ceded from the former princely state of Hyderabad.

The BJP leaders, including Amit Shah, have targeted the TRS government for failing to officially celebrate September 17 due to what they claim is the “fear” of the AIMIM.

From The Bharat Express NewsTarun Chugh, national general secretary of the BJP, has claimed that the TRS was forced to announce September 17 as ‘Telangana National Unity Day’ in the wake of the Center’s celebration plans.

While the BJP has stepped up its efforts in Telangana ahead of next year’s state assembly elections, KCR is pursuing nationwide expansion by launching a national party to counter the saffron party.

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History of Hyderabad

When India gained independence from British rule in 1947, all 500 princely states were asked to join India or Pakistan, or remain independent.

Mir Osman Ali Khan, the Nizam of Hyderabad, refused to merge with the new nations, so the princely state was declared an independent nation on 15 August 1947.

Hyderabad had a powerful militia called Razakars, led by Qasim Razvi, the leader of Majlis-E-Ittehadul Muslimeen (MIM) during the rule of the Nizam.

At that time, a peasant movement against the Nizam feudalism arose in Hyderabad, with the help of the communists. The print.

Even when Nizam chose to remain independent, the majority of the population, including the peasant protesters, advocated joining the Union of India.

The Razakars suppressed the peasant movement and killed those who demanded the merger with India, as indicated The Bharat Express News.

On September 17, 1948, as part of Operation Polo, Indian troops stormed the then princely state when Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was Home Secretary. The Indian Amry defeated the Razakars, while the Nizam surrendered and the former state of Hyderabad became part of the Indian Union.

With input from agencies

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