The Institute for Economics and Peace conducts an annual ranking of the world’s safest countries, called the Global Peace Index. The 2020 report shows that the world is less peaceful today than it was a year ago.
The report concludes that “the conflicts and crises that have erupted over the past decade have started to subside, to be replaced by a new wave of tension and uncertainty resulting from the Covid-19 pandemic”.
But while the factors that affect world peace clearly change over time, one fact has remained constant; the same country has taken first place in the past 12 years – Iceland. The United States came to the list 121, the same as last year.
163 countries were ranked with a score (1 = most peaceful, 5 = least peaceful), with the top ten remaining largely unchanged from 2019:
He got 1,366 points because of his low crime rate.
Japan scores 1.36 on the Peace Index because it has a low homicide rate and its citizens cannot get their hands on weapons, and transportation is good, especially its trains. high speed. It is two places higher than in 2019.
8. Czech republic
He scored 1,337 points because he doesn’t spend much on his army and has a low crime rate. It fell one place from the previous year.
Singapore received a score of 1.321 due to low scores in domestic and international conflicts, as well as high levels of social security.
Canada got a score of 1.298 with friendly cities like Montreal ranking very well.
The people of Denmark consider themselves happy and safe – he has a score of 1.283.
Austria scored 1.275, with peaceful elections and low arms imports.
The Global Peace Index gave Lisbon a rating of 1.247 because of its security.
2. New Zealand
With very little internal conflict or violence, New Zealand scored 1.198 and placed second.
With very low homicide rates, few people in prison (per capita), and few terrorist events, Iceland scored 1.078.
The study drew several main conclusions:
- The gap between the less peaceful and the most peaceful countries continues to widen. Since 2008, the 25 least peaceful countries have declined an average of 12.9%, while the 25 most peaceful countries have improved by 2.1%.
- By 2050, it is estimated that climate change will create up to 86 million additional migrants in sub-Saharan Africa, 40 million in South Asia and 17 million in Latin America.
- The economic impact of Covid-19 will negatively affect political instability, international relations, conflict, civil rights and violence, reversing many years of socio-economic development.
- Civil unrest has doubled since 2011–96 countries recorded one violent protest in 2019, with Europe recording the most. Political instability will likely be exacerbated by the emerging economic crisis.
The report covers 99.7% of the world’s population and uses 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from well-respected sources to compile the index. The indicators cover three main areas: “ongoing conflict”, “safety and security” and “militarization” – all three have worsened in the last period of research.